Digital Public Infrastructure Powered by Networking 2.0

Shaping a secure and privacy-oriented digital landscape where everyone has full control of their data.


Technology is playing a more and more significant role every day. The idea of a digital public infrastructure has emerged to support this progress and foster a sustainable future. It is intended to assist countries in achieving their national priorities and contribute to the betterment of society.

What is Digital Public Infrastructure(DPI)?

Digital Public Infrastructure, or DPI, refers to the advanced digital framework and tools that enable governments, businesses, and citizens to interact, share goods and services, and expand economic opportunities. DPI is a crucial element of modern governance that aims to promote inclusivity and efficient delivery of services to citizens.

DPI also includes a range of technological infrastructures such as data sharing, identification, and payment systems that facilitate transactions amongst governmental bodies such as agencies, while allowing for these transactions for businesses and individuals. This enables them to collaborate effectively and connect systems, leading to improved service delivery and personalized experiences for everyone.

One of the most significant benefits of DPI is its impact on the healthcare sector. By enabling medical professionals to access patient records securely through data-sharing platforms, DPI leads to better diagnoses and informed treatment plans, ultimately improving patient outcomes.

Moreover, DPI plays a vital role in smart city initiatives. It optimizes resource allocation by facilitating data sharing among public services, thus enhancing urban living experiences for residents. Several countries, including developing economies like India, have made significant investments in setting up DPI for their citizens. The United Nations is also pioneering several initiatives across continents around DPI, emphasizing its importance in modern governance.

What is missing in DPI today?

The concept of DPI is a relatively new idea that is being tested and tried out in several countries and regions. While it has shown a lot of promise, the rollout and adoption of DPIs have faced some challenges. For instance, the lack of interoperability between systems, accessibility, and fair distribution of the technology are some of the issues that have been identified.

One of the most significant concerns about DPIs is the privacy and security of information exchanged between entities. In most current implementations of DPIs, the architecture is still “client-server,” where all the data is centrally stored. This means that whoever owns the server in the middle can access all the data received. This also makes it difficult to integrate multiple vendors, or even multiple agencies, and their systems.

Other difficulties and risks associated with this architecture are (but are not limited to); data breaches, single points of failure, a lack of control of data, and difficulty obtaining compliance with data protection regulations such as HIPAA or GDPR. 

Sensitive data is frequently exchanged over the Internet. It’s crucial to ensure that citizens and businesses can trust that their information is protected. Maintaining the integrity and security of this data is paramount not only to creating trust and promoting the use of these platforms but also to safeguarding the people, their finances, and their safety. Access to critical infrastructure such as water plants and power grids in the wrong hands can pose significant dangers.

Digital Public Infrastructure vs Digital Private Infrastructure 

It’s essential to differentiate between Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI) and Digital Private Infrastructure (DPI) to understand their distinct roles and implications. DPI, as previously discussed, focuses on building a framework for governments, citizens, and businesses to interact, share resources, and foster economic growth transparently and inclusively. In contrast, Digital Private Infrastructure often serves the interests of specific entities or organizations, prioritizing control and exclusivity over shared access and collaboration.

While DPI aims to create a digital ecosystem that benefits society as a whole, DPI may prioritize individual or corporate interests, potentially limiting access to resources and hindering collective progress. Thus, the choice between DPI and DPI reflects broader considerations of governance, transparency, and inclusivity in shaping the digital landscape.

The integration of Networking 2.0, a new approach to networking detailed below, into both Digital Public and Private Infrastructure, is bringing a major transformation to the way these industries will and can function and interact. Networking 2.0 introduces a new paradigm that makes data exchange more secure, transparent, and inclusive.

By enabling addressability, context-rich communication, and robust privacy and security measures, Networking 2.0 empowers DPI to better serve the needs of citizens, businesses, and governments alike, promoting collaboration and innovation worldwide. 

Both Digital Public and Private infrastructures carry a foundation that traditionally prioritizes control. Still, the integration of Networking 2.0, which supports seamless integration of public/private infrastructure where permission is attached to the data rather than the network, will challenge exclusivity and enable both privacy and free exchange simultaneously.

Networking 2.0’s emphasis on interoperability and decentralized architectures may require a shift in mindset towards openness and collaboration. However, embracing Networking 2.0 in DPI can unlock new possibilities for efficiency, scalability, and individual empowerment, driving forward the digital agenda while safeguarding individual rights and freedoms.

Atsign’s Digital Public Infrastructure and Networking 2.0

Atsign technology is built on Networking 2.0 concepts – it brings together a combination of a peer-to-peer open protocol, decentralized infrastructure and edge-to-edge encryption with encryption keys dynamically cut at the edge.

The atPlatform is designed to prioritize the privacy and security of its users’ data. To achieve this, the platform employs end-to-end encryption, which means that the data is encrypted on the user’s device and only the user has access to the encryption keys. This ensures that unauthorized individuals or entities cannot access or read the data. 

To ensure the privacy and security of atSigns, the atPlatform employs highly sophisticated encryption techniques for all data-sharing activities between the owner and the intended recipient. These encryption methods are designed to prevent any unauthorized access or interception of the shared data, ensuring that it remains confidential and protected at all times. This means that private data can only be accessed by the owner or the recipient with whom it is shared.

Adopting a decentralized approach towards data management can significantly reduce the risk of large-scale data breaches. This is because, in a decentralized system, there is no central point of failure that can be exploited by attackers. By leveraging a distributed network of nodes, each with its copy of the data, a decentralized system ensures that even if one node is compromised, the rest of the network remains secure. This makes it much harder for attackers to gain unauthorized access to sensitive data, thus increasing the overall security of the system.

How Does Atsign’s DPI Work

If you’re interested in exploring Atsign’s technology in more detail, we’d be happy to help you! An overview of what Atsign is and does can be found here, and if you want to dive deeper into the technical aspects, you’ll find a more in-depth explanation here.

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